世界中で起きている採用ミスマッチの実態

世界中で起きている採用ミスマッチの実態

Why are 38% of the world’s companies struggling to find talent when the economy is recovering? And why are 25% of jobs in the United States still undecided after two months?

These worries are just one of the problems facing employers. Many companies are struggling to find talent and find that blind hunting is not enough.

Indeed Hiring Lab’s latest report (English only) delves deeper into the causes of the global recruitment mismatch phenomenon and examines what employers can do.

Let me introduce some of the contents of the report.

  1. 人口移動と頭脳流出

経済協力開発機構(OECD)のデータによると、人口移動量は不況前の水準に戻っています。2014 年に移住した人の数は、2008 年に始まった世界金融危機以降で最多の 430 万人に達しました。

チャンスを求めて国境を超える人の数が再び急増しているのです。しかし、差引勘定で見ると、すべての国がこうした風潮の恩恵を受けているわけではありません。人材の流入数より流出数の方が多い国もあるからです。

レポートでは、このように急激な盛り上がりを見せる人口移動の様々なパターンや労働市場への影響についての考察を紹介しています。Indeed は、海外求職者から国内企業の求人に対する検索件数、逆に国内求職者から海外企業の求人に対する検索件数の自社データを分析した結果を踏まえ、「頭脳流出」のリスクを測る新しい方法を開発しました

人材獲得競争を制するのはどんな企業でしょうか。驚きの調査結果が明らかになりました。どの業界も人材不足の解消に懸命な今、この情報は多くの企業様の採用計画に活用していただける内容です。

  1. 教育

近年、教育水準は上昇し続けています。事実、12 の経済大国のうち 8 か国において、人口に占める高等教育修了者の割合が 2000 年から 2012 年までの間に平均 10 ポイント近く増加したと OECD が発表しています。

働く人の教育水準が高くなるほど、企業や経済にとっては望ましいことだと考えるのが一般的です。しかし、従来の学校教育では、現代の働き手たちが 21 世紀の社会で成功するために必要なスキルは必ずしも身に着かないということに、最近になって企業側が気づき始めています。

実際、アメリカでは 16 歳から 29 歳の人のうち 30% 以上が、仕事に直結するコンピュータ知識を持っていないという調査結果が出ています。

企業はさらに積極的に、社員に必要な訓練を施す取り組みをしていかなければならないでしょう。レポートではその方法についても解説しています。

  1. 新しい労働形態

For hiring companies, good and bad traditional working conditions such as salary, job, and place of work are still the key to attracting talented people, but another factor to consider is emerging. It’s flexibility. In nine of the twelve economies we surveyed, the number of people interested in flexible working styles increased by 42.1% between 2013 and 2015.

Need survey results for flexible working styles.  In nine of the twelve economies surveyed (Australia, the United States, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, India and France), the number of people interested in flexible working styles was 2013-2015. It has increased by 42.1% during the year.

The image of low-paying part-time jobs, such as online data entry work and dubious business that has been slammed with money, is rapidly fading. According to Indeed data, the top three industries searched for in the United States on the condition that they can work flexibly are IT-related, healthcare-related, and finance-related, all of which require advanced skills and are in high demand. is. This trend is also seen in other countries.

Companies may be beginning to realize that presenting more flexible working styles will help solve the shortage of human resources.

  1. wage

Finally, consider the challenges that face the global economic recovery. The question is why wage growth is so modest, even though many industries are showing a solid recovery.

If a company’s demand for talent is rising while the supply of talent is declining, wages, which are important deciding factors for workers to choose a job, are usually rising. However, global wage growth was only 0.5% between 2011 and 2014, despite many companies saying they were struggling to find talent.

However, these sluggish wage problems do not apply to all occupations. High rewards can be expected for high-demand occupations. According to Indeed data, for example, JAVA developers in the United States now earn four times as much as store cashiers.

There is a clear gap between high-income, high-skilled workers and low-income, low-skilled workers, which is also an undesirable situation for businesses. In the past, companies have hired and trained people in the middle, but now the number of people in the middle class is decreasing. Wage polarization is a problem that everyone may face in the future. As reported in the report, this is an issue that companies must seriously tackle.

We have introduced some of the main parts of the report. Download our latest report here, which reports a lot of other valuable content for businesses. 2016 Labor Market Outlook: Finding Causes of Recruitment Mismatches in the World (English Only)